MUHAMMAD RASULALLAH (SAWS)- A BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH
This Monograph presents a synoptic view of the monumental and inspired achievements of Prophet Muhammad. Islam, the religion that he founded in the early seventh century A.D., is one of the fastest growing religions in the world. It now claims more than a billion adherents in the 21st Century.
Muhammad was born an orphan in a noble Quraysh tribe. He was a precocious and an extremely intelligent child, gifted with the knack of solving difficult and complicated problems with ease and competence. It was evident when he resolved the sensitive issue of fixing the black stone in the wall of Ka’bah to the satisfaction of all the rival and competing tribes. He was reputed for his impeccable honesty. He was loved and admired by the entire Quraysh community that gave him the title of “Sadiq-ul-Amin” because of his truthfulness and honesty.
The book highlights the fact that the Prophet would spend hours together meditating deeply in the cave of Hira, particularly in the month of Ramadhan, to unravel the mystery regarding the creation of the universe, and about its creator. It was in one of these meditative periods, in the month of Ramadhan, that Jibrael appeared and conveyed to him the divine command of his prophethood and asked him to proclaim the Unity of Allah, struggle against polytheism, persuade people to abandon idol worship, and restore the pristine purity of Ka’bah as the house of worship for the One and Only Allah. This was a most challenging assignment and a herculean task.
The monograph describes graphically the trials and tribulations, the cruelties and tortures inflicted on the Prophet and his Companions by the polytheists. They tried various stratagems including tempting Muhammad (SAWS) with wealth, power and position to dissuade him from his mission but nothing worked. The Quraysh then took the extreme step to impose an economic and social boycott of the clans of Banu Abd Munaf and sub-clan of Banu Abd Muttalib. This boycott was rigidly applied. Even this harsh measure failed.
The migration of the Prophet to Madinah was a landmark event which transformed the history of Islam and of the world. The first Islamic state was established by the Prophet in Madinah where he had to face many complex problems which threatened the survival of both Islam and the State of Madinah. Here he had to counter the intrigues and treachery of the Jews and of the Hypocrites, and the military aggression of the Quraysh of Makkah and their allies. These adversarial forces pooled their resources to destroy Islam. The Muslims under the exemplary leadership of the Prophet and with the help of Allah effectively countered aggressive military designs of the Quraysh and their allies. The Jewish menace was also totally crushed. Politically the State of Madinah was stabilised.
The conquest of Makkah was a glorious event in the history of Islam. It has no parallels in the annals of history. It was a bloodless victory without any war. It marked the end of polytheism and termination of idol worship. The pristine purity of Ka’bah was fully restored. The Prophet entered Makkah, in all humility, as a humble servant of Allah to restore the glory of Ka’bah as the house of worship for the One and only Allah. There was no vindictiveness, no vengeance and no compulsive conversion. The Prophet granted amnesty to one and all forgetting and forgiving all the humiliation and brutalities that were inflicted upon him and his Companions when they lived in Makkah.
It is hoped that this Monograph will encourage the readers to adopt and implement the purity, simplicity, flexibility, magnanimity, tolerance and progressive character of Islam as it existed during the life of the Prophet.
Author: Professor Shah Manzoor Alam, a distinguished social scientist.